With the recent legalization of cannabis in many states around the world, cannabis-related activities and products have begun to become very popular among many people. From growing cannabis at home to the consumption of products and oils by the sick for treatment (containing cannabis), renaming 2020 the “year of cannabis” should be the next plan of action.
Growing any plant in the U.S. (cannabis is legalized there!) is like raising a baby: requires special care, caution, and regular inspections to ensure healthy growth. Everything from the type of soil to the amount of water can affect the quality of your final crop. Read some helpful tips for growing healthy cannabis varieties from the comfort of your own home.
Climate is key
Any planting process begins with assessing the climatic conditions needed for the plant to grow. Hemp grows well in almost any climate because of its high adaptability, but extreme temperatures can destroy the entire plant. Of course, high winds make the plant vulnerable to physical damage in the form of broken stems, resulting in lower yields. On the other hand, humidity can be very dangerous when growing cannabis because of mold and fungus growth.
If you have just joined a growing cannabis population, you should consider hiring an experienced gardener to guide you through the various stages of its growth.
Find good quality seeds for the outdoors
The last thing you need after a few months of seed germination is to discover that your start itself was flawed. Your final yield should be normal and proportional to the amount of seed used. This is why buying the right seed packet is important for growing cannabis outdoors.
There are many ways to test the quality of the seeds you purchase, the most common of which is the float test. In a buoyancy test, you pour the seed packet into a bowl or glass of water an hour or two before it germinates. Defective seeds usually become hollow inside and appear on the surface of the water.
Another method of assessing the authenticity of seeds is to check if they crumble by applying a small amount of force. Take the seeds and try crushing them in the middle of your fingers. Any crushed seeds resulting from this procedure are faulty.
Buy only from a reliable seed bank that handles your seed needs at reasonable prices.
Get optimal growth with a fixed schedule
Following a fixed schedule will not only lead to good productivity, but it will also teach you discipline in gardening. The cannabis plant has a growth cycle that begins in mid-May and lasts until September through November, depending on several factors. You can spread and sow germinated seeds in early July, outgrow them when August arrives, and prune them regularly until harvest season.
Allocate a suitable location in your garden
The cannabis plant needs an enormous amount of sunlight during its vegetative state. So you should find an open spot in your garden that receives direct sunlight. The transition from vegetative to flowering state depends on this fact and can drastically change the growth schedule. If you have an outdoor garden, consider proper fencing procedures to keep thieves and intruders at bay. Finally, be sure to protect your plants from high winds, which you can accomplish by using a windbreak or wall.
Use nutrients that contain muddy soil
Planting cannabis in nutrient-rich soil that doesn’t retain excess water for long periods of time is the best way to go. Thus, acquiring the perfect soil will improve your outdoor cultivation. Soil consists of three basic components: clay, sand and silt. The mixture of these three components in various proportions determines the type of soil, its ability to retain nutrients, and its drainage capacity. Clay soil drains poorly but contains nutrients; sandy soil drains well but cannot retain nutrients, and silt soil provides the perfect balance between the two, making it an ideal choice for planting cannabis.
Fertilize the soil well
If you have grown cannabis before, you understand the importance of nutrients for its growth. You can only get healthy results if you provide enough nutrients. The cannabis plant needs mostly NPK nutrients, which means nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. These are available at many home gardening stores in the form of organic and synthetic fertilizers. When it comes to hemp, you should choose organic fertilizers because synthetic materials can damage your soil by changing its pH level. They can also affect the drainage capacity of the soil, resulting in excessive drainage.
Protection is the key to success
Just like protecting your child from potential hazards, growing cannabis requires adequate protection from natural hazards. These include pests, adverse weather conditions, temperature extremes, rain, etc. D. Protecting against pests can be a challenge, as even the smallest insect can damage the plant from its roots. The best pest control strategy is to keep the crop healthy at all times; A vigorous cannabis plant will have a natural resistance to pests, thereby developing a self-protection mechanism.
Coping with temperature fluctuations is quite simple: use a canopy over where you have planted your crop. Look for a canopy that filters a certain amount of sunlight during the extreme summer to avoid burning dry leaves and roots.
Rain can be a nightmare in an open cannabis plantation. As mentioned above, excess moisture leads to fungus and mold that feeds on the plant. Covering your crops with plastic sheeting and building a shelter with it can be helpful in the long run, especially if you live in an area prone to heavy rains.
That concludes this guide to growing cannabis outdoors. Indoor cannabis plantations require a big monetary investment in the form of temperature and humidity regulators, irrigation systems, etc. Beginners can quickly grow cannabis with less money available and make incredible profits with the above guide.